As a student, you also want to know how is a CAM Plant suited to its environment?
CAM ( Crassulacean acid metabolism) plants process is also known as CAM photosynthesis.
Cam plants mostly found in dry or very dry environmental conditions and they are very familiar with how to save water. So in the day time, they mostly close their stomata to avoid water evaporation from their cells.
During the day if they can’t close their stomata so there is a higher possibility to lose water by evaporation and in a very dry area it’s hard to survive for plants.
And during the night ACM plants open their stomata and evaporate the water and intake the Carbon dioxide( CO2), which is converted in the form of four-carbon compound malate and stored in vacuoles in the plant.
And after the night process when the day is coming cam plants utilize this malate during the day time in the process of photosynthesis.
This type of biological activity first found in the plants of Crassulaceae, that’s why the name is this biochemical process known as Crassulacean acid metabolism ( CAM), and the plants performing this activity called cam plants.
Cam plants also are known as succulents because they have the capacity to store water in a dry and very hot environment.
Know you easily understand how is a cam plant suited to its environment and they survive for a long time in dry and arid conditions without any problem in photosynthesis
CAM plants have thick skin which is a coated wax-like substance and their leaves are modified into a spike-like structure, so all these properties help cam plants to avoid too much amount of water.
One of the interesting facts about cam plants is that their spike-like structure not only helps to store water but also helps plants to prevent from any predator or animal.